What is hernia ?
The hernia is the passage of the contents of a body cavity, to the surface of the body or other cavity. In the case of inguinal hernia, abdominal organs (most often the intestine or large vein) pass through the so-called inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a normal anatomical structure, a channel of about 4-5 cm in length, which contains the seminal cord in the male and the female uterine ligament. Under certain circumstances, the walls of this channel are weakened and part of the abdominal cavity passes through it. This can lead to pain and an inability to return the abdominal contents - possible damage to the wall, requiring emergency surgical intervention. The disease occurs in both sexes, the incidence is 10 times higher in males. It may be inborn or develop at some point in life. The hernia does not back up and grows over time.
The hernia is a passage of abdominal organs or parts of them (small intestine, colon, vein, stomach) wrapped in a herniated sac, through abdominal wall defects or other cavities. What complications can happen from this? The hernia may most commonly occur. It can not be predicted with certainty. Conditions for getting this complication are a narrow hernial opening, hernially grown, advanced age. The disease is accompanied by severe pain in the area, inability to retract the hernia, abdominal swelling, stopping the excretion of gases and stools. In case of untimely treatment, entrapment may lead to a breakthrough in the wall of the bowel or other hollow organ and the development of widespread inflammation of the abdomen - peritonitis.
Peritonitis is a condition that directly threatens your life and requires urgent surgical treatment.
Umbilical hernia is a common surgical pathology that is treated in the Clinic of Pediatric Surgery. Predisposing factors are low weight and prematurity.
It is a defect in the area of the umbilical ring through which peritoneum, preperitoneal adipose tissue is perforated.
It is usually noticed by parents soon after birth. It is represented by the "protrusion" of the navel in crying or pushing the child. Most umbilical hernias are asymptomatic. There are almost no complications such as stomach trapping.
Children under the age of 1 years are given conservative treatment by placing a patch patch, trying to maximize the edges of the right corneal muscles. Defects with a size above 1.5 cm rarely respond to conservative treatment.
An indication of surgical treatment is the lack of effect of bandaged bandages, as well as defects in the umbilical region about 2 cm. It is performed after 1 year of age if there are no other indications for an earlier operation. Patients with minor herbal defects and without subjective complaints can also be treated after 2 years of age.
To perform the operative intervention in a planned order, it is necessary for the child to be healthy, not to have been ill for at least 10-14 days before the hospitalization. Allergic testing and pre-operative anti-allergy preparation are performed in a history of allergy. Operative intervention is performed under general anesthesia and consists of a semi-molar incision around the navel and performing a plastic reconstruction of the abdominal wall. The skin is stitched aesthetically. Children usually return to normal physical activity within 24 hours.
How do we know we have Gallstones ?
1. Stomach pain
Repeated dull pain in the area around the liver is the most common sign of bile stones. It often occurs after a meal and lasts for several hours. It is possible that the pain may also appear in the upper back or in the center of the abdomen. It is very important that we feel the pain. If this happens during a meal or immediately afterwards, the cause may be bile stones.
Many people confuse gallbladder problems with an upset stomach or acid reflux. Sometimes people can even confuse the pain of the gallbladder with muscle pain as a result of physical exercise. But if there are repetitive episodes of nausea or vomiting, along with pain after eating, this may be an indication of gallbladder disease. More on the topic Permanent headache? It may be due to these reasons 6 strange things that lead to memory loss Although nausea is not as common a symptom as abdominal pain, if there is intense nausea or vomiting, these are signs that we need to go to a doctor.
3. Obesity or sudden weight loss
These are problems associated with bile stones, and are not necessarily symptoms. Typically, weight gain or loss occurs first and then gallstones develop. Overweight people are at greater risk of forming bile stones. And while weight reduction can help reduce risk, rapid weight loss can also make us more prone to get affected by bile stones.
• Benign (Benign) and Malignant (Malignant) - stomach cancer, small bowel cancer and large intestine cancer.
• Treatment of fissures and hemorrhoids
• All emergencies in abdominal surgery
• Removal of polyps from the large intestine and stomach (polypectomy)
• Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
• Chronic colitis, ulcerative colitis