Colonoscopy, or Lower Endoscopy, is a procedure where a flexible endoscope is passed through the anus and rectum, and wherein possible, into the entire large intestine to the segment where the small and the large intestine meet.
During the procedure the surgeon may take small pieces of tissue (biopsies) for examination . Polyps may also be detected and removed and abnormalities not visible on x-rays may be found.
The colonoscopy is usually done :
• As a part of a routine screening for cancer
• Finding of colon cancer
• In patients with known polyps or previous polyp removal
• Before and after some surgeries
• To evaluate a change in bowel habits or bleeding
• To evaluate changes in the lining of the colon known as inflammatory disorders.
Your doctor will give you complete instructions on how to prepare for your endoscopy
Talk with your doctor about your past medical history and all the prescribed medicines, including:
• Aspirin and medicines that contain aspirin
• Arthritis medicines
• Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
• Blood thinners
• Blood pressure medicines
Do not eat or drink before the procedure. You will be most often advised not to eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum during the 8 hours before the procedure.
• The procedure is usually well tolerated.
• You will be lying of your left side or back while the colonoscope is advanced .The procedure usually lasts 15-30 minutes.
• In rare cases the entire colon cannot be visualized and your surgeon may reguest an additional test such as a barium enema or a CT colonogrophy.
• Mild cramping or bloating from the air placed during the examination.
• Observation for 2-3 hours when given sedation or anesthesia.
• Perforation of the lining of the GI tract
• An abnormal reaction to the sedative including respiratory and cardiac problems.
• Discharge instructions
Limit your activity for the rest of the day. You should not drive or operate an equipment on the same day. You should not drink alcohol until the day after. Diet: We may resume oral intake unless otherwise instructed. Medication: If a polyp was removed do not take aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks unless directed by your physician. When home the day after the procedure you will receive a phone call from a nurse to inquire about your recovery and answer questions.
• CHEST PAIN
• PROBLEMS BREATHING
• PROBLEMS SWALLOWING
• THROAT PAIN WHICH GETS WORSE
• VOMITING –PARTICULARLY IF IT IS BLOODY OR LOOKS LIKE COFFE
• PAIN IN THE ABDOMEN
• BLOODY OR BLACK STOOLS
Please do not hesitate to contact us with any medical questions you may have. We perform Colonoscopy in Burgas and Endoscopy Burgas. We also serve Primorsko, Kiten, Lozenec, Sozopol and Tsarevo.