Hemorrhoids are present in the body of every person. They are connective tissue, cavernous bodies and muscle fibers covered by the lining of the right gut and the anal canal. Their function is to help the anal sphincter in the retention of gases and faeces. There are external and internal hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are located at the transition between the right gut and the anal canal, and the external - between the anal canal and the surrounding skin.
How Common are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are very common and affect both sexes equally. About 50% of people over 50 years old. have hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are very common in pregnant women, but they are usually a temporary problem.
Factors contributing to their emergence:
enetic predisposition-weakness of connective tissue and vascular walls Frequent and prolonged pushing for defecation-constipation, chronic diarrhea, long sitting in the toilet Increased intraocular pressure - pregnancy and childbirth, some liver diseases Solid stools Occupations associated with prolonged sitting
The classic symptoms of hemorrhoids, which are manifested by itching and burning in the anus, the feeling that there is something "hindering" in children, occurs with the same frequency as the adults. However, only a "conscious" child can complain about these alarming signs. The baby and more babies will at best show some anxiety during defecation and often even experience this condition without external symptoms.
Careful parents can find a hemorrhoidal node that appears when stretched and then retracts. The resulting anus fracture is easier to detect - in this case, blood may appear in the child's stools.
Acute pain occurs in acute hemorrhoids. With this pathology a thrombus is formed in the hemorrhoid node, which blocks blood flow and requires immediate medical intervention.
The onset of any of these symptoms should lead the parents to think about visiting a doctor rather than self-medication. The fact is that similar signs of hemorrhoids may have other pathologies, for example, bowel prolapse, tumor-like formation. Therefore, the child should be shown to the doctor (this is the responsibility of a surgeon and proctor) who will diagnose and prescribe the right treatment.
Some people achieve success with the use of natural natural methods to treat and stop chronic hemorrhoids. In severe cases, however, they require surgical measures.
Anal fissures are tears of the skin and / or the rectal mucosa around the anus, which can be differently large - from small, localized tears to tears extending to the anal sphincter. Their usual dimensions are 1.5 cm in length, 3 - 5 mm in length and 2 - 3 mm in depth. They are common in clinical practice. Statistics show that they are the third most common rectal disease after chronic constipation and hemorrhoids. Affects men and women equally often, at any age. Anal fissures are the most common cause of rectal bleeding in infants.
Anal fissures occur in the special tissue that fasted the anus and the anal canal called the anode. On a line located in the anus, called an interstitial groove, the skin passes into an anode. Unlike the skin, the anemic does not contain sweat and sebaceous glands, and hairs, and a much larger number of nerve endings experiencing touch and pain. This is why anal fissures are severely painful in most cases, especially after stomach.
The pain may be short or long. In addition, pruritus and bleeding are possible as well as the release of an unpleasant smell - a sputum mixed with pus from the fissure.
About 9 out of 10 sharp fissures are cured successfully at home. Still, there are ones that require additional treatment. If the fissure does not cure after 30 days, you may need medication on prescription. These may include nitroglycerin cream, high blood pressure medicines in the form of pills or gel, or botulinum toxin (Botox) injections. If medicines do not relieve your condition, you may need surgical treatment. The most commonly used surgery is lateral internal sphinctrotomy. In this procedure, the doctor cuts a portion of the inner sphincter to release the spasm that causes the fissure. Further diarrheic coagulation, laser coagulation and sphincter dilation with subsequent seam of the lining are also used.